stop

stop1 W1S1 [stɔp US sta:p] v past tense and past participle stopped present participle stopping
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1¦(not move)¦
2¦(not continue)¦
3¦(pause)¦
4¦(prevent)¦
5¦(stay)¦
6 will/would stop at nothing (to do something)
7 stop short of (doing) something
8¦(money)¦
9¦(block)¦
Phrasal verbs
 stop back
 stop by (something)
 stop in
 stop off
 stop out
 stop over
 stop up
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[: Old English; Origin: stoppian 'to block up']
1.) ¦(NOT MOVE)¦
a) [I and T]
to not walk, move, or travel any more, or to make someone or something do this
He stopped suddenly when he saw Ruth.
Stop, come back!
He stopped the car and got out.
I was worried that the security guards would stop us at the gate.
stop at/outside/in etc
She stopped outside the post office.
A car stopped behind us.
stop to do sth
Sam stopped to give me a lift.
stop and do sth
He stopped and looked into her face.
stop for
I need to stop for a rest.
stop dead/short/in your tracks
(=stop walking suddenly)
Sally saw the ambulance and stopped short.
stop on a dime
AmE (=stop very quickly - used about cars)
This truck can stop on a dime!
2.) ¦(NOT CONTINUE)¦
a) [I and T]
to not continue, or to make someone or something not continue
By midday the rain had stopped.
This is where the path stops.
The referee stopped the fight.
The doctor advised me to stop the medication.
People are fighting to stop the destruction of the rainforests.
stop sb doing sth
I couldn't stop her crying.
b) [I and T]
if you stop doing something, you do not continue to do it
stop doing sth
I stopped digging and looked at him.
What time do you stop work?
I've been smoking for over ten years, and I can't stop.
stop it/that
(=stop doing something annoying)
Come on, you two, stop it!
Right, stop what you're doing and come over here.
3.) ¦(PAUSE)¦
to pause in an activity, journey etc in order to do something before you continue
stop for
We stopped for a drink on the way home.
stop to do sth
I stopped to tie my shoe.
stop to think/consider etc
It's time we stopped to think about our next move.
4.) ¦(PREVENT)¦ [T]
to prevent someone from doing something or something from happening
The government tried to stop publication of the book.
I'm leaving now, and you can't stop me.
stop sb/sth (from) doing sth
Lay the carpet on paper to stop it sticking to the floor.
The rain didn't stop us from enjoying the trip.
stop yourself (from) doing sth
I couldn't stop myself laughing.
She grabbed the rail to stop herself from falling.
there's nothing to stop sb (from) doing sth
There's nothing to stop you applying for the job yourself.
5.) ¦(STAY)¦ [I]
[i]BrE informal to stay somewhere for a short time, especially at someone's house
I won't sit down - I'm not stopping.
stop for
Will you stop for a cup of tea?
6.) will/would stop at nothing (to do sth)
to be ready to do anything to achieve something that you want to achieve
We will stop at nothing to save our child.
7.) stop short of (doing) sth
to decide that you are not willing to do something wrong or dangerous, though you will do something similar that is less dangerous
The US government supported sanctions but stopped short of military action.
8.) ¦(MONEY)¦ [T]
if you stop an amount of money, you prevent it from being paid to someone
Dad threatened to stop my pocket money.
stop sth from sth
£200 will be stopped from your wages next month to pay for the damage.
I phoned the bank and asked them to stop the cheque (=not pay a cheque that I had written) .
My mother called the bank to stop payment on the check.
9.) ¦(BLOCK)¦ also stop up [T]
to block a hole or pipe so that water, smoke etc cannot go through it
stop back phr v
to go back to a place you have been to earlier
Can you stop back later? I'm busy right now.
stop by () [stop by (sth)] phr v
to make a short visit to a place or person, especially while you are going somewhere else
I'll stop by this evening.
Daniel stopped by the store on his way home.
stop in phr v
1.) to make a short visit to a place or person, especially while you are going somewhere else
I'll stop in and see you on my way home.
stop in at
I need to stop in at the library.
2.) BrE to stay at home
I'm stopping in to wash my hair tonight.
stop off phr v
to make a short visit to a place during a journey, especially to rest or to see someone
We can stop off and see you on our way back.
stop off in/at etc
We stopped off in Santa Rosa for a day.
stop out phr v
informal to stay out later than usual
It was a real treat being allowed to stop out late.
stop over phr v
to stop somewhere and stay a short time before continuing a long journey, especially when travelling by plane
The plane stops over in Dubai on the way to India.
→↑stopover
stop up phr v
1.) stop sth<=> up
to block a hole or pipe so that water, smoke etc cannot go through it
2.) BrE informal to stay up late
Joe stopped up till 3 o'clock to watch the boxing.
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GRAMMAR
To stop doing something means to not continue an activity : It has stopped raining (NOT stopped from raining). | He couldn't stop talking about it (NOT stop from talking/stop to talk).
To stop to do something means to stand still, or stop what you are doing, in order to do something : He stopped to pick up a piece of paper.
To stop someone from doing something means to prevent someone from doing something : You can't stop me from going (NOT stop me to go).
In British English you can leave out 'from' : This will help stop people dying of AIDS.
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stop 2
stop2 W3S3 n
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1 come/roll/jerk/skid etc to a stop
2 come to a stop
3 bring something to a stop
4¦(during journey)¦
5¦(bus/train)¦
6 put a stop to something
7 pull out all the stops
8¦(money)¦
9¦(music)¦
10¦(consonant)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) come/roll/jerk/skid etc to a stop
if a vehicle comes to a stop, it stops moving
The bus came to a stop outside the school.
The car skidded to a stop.
2.) come to a stop
if an activity comes to a stop, it stops happening
Work on the project has come to a stop because of lack of funding.
3.) bring sth to a stop
to stop something moving or happening
David brought the truck to a shuddering stop.
The UN is trying to bring the war to a stop.
4.) ¦(DURING JOURNEY)¦
a time or place when you stop during a journey for a short time
Our first stop was Paris.
We'll make a stop at the foot of the hill.
The trip includes an overnight stop in London.
5.) ¦(BUS/TRAIN)¦
a place where a bus or train regularly stops for people to get on and off
Our next stop will be York.
This is your stop, isn't it?
6.) put a stop to sth
to prevent something from continuing or happening
The government is determined to put a stop to the demonstrations.
7.) pull out all the stops
to do everything you possibly can to make something happen and succeed
The hospital staff pulled out all the stops to make sure the children had a wonderful day.
8.) ¦(MONEY)¦
the action or fact of telling your bank not to pay an amount of money to someone
I put a stop on that check to the store.
9.) ¦(MUSIC)¦
a handle that you push in or out in an ↑organ to control the amount of sound it produces
10.)¦(CONSONANT)¦
a consonant sound, like /p/ or /k/, that you make by stopping the flow of air completely and then suddenly letting it out of your mouth
→↑full stop1

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • stop — stop; stop·er; stop·less; stop·pa·ble; stop·page; stop·per·less; stop·per·man; stop·ping; un·stop; back·stop; non·stop; stop·per; stop·ple; stop·less·ness; un·stop·pa·bly; …   English syllables

  • stop by — stop off, stop over, stop in or (N American) stop by To break one s journey, pay a visit to (usu with at) • • • Main Entry: ↑stop * * * ˌstop ˈby [intransitive/transitive] [ …   Useful english dictionary

  • stop in — stop off, stop over, stop in or (N American) stop by To break one s journey, pay a visit to (usu with at) • • • Main Entry: ↑stop * * * ˌstop ˈin [intransitive] [ …   Useful english dictionary

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  • stop — ► VERB (stopped, stopping) 1) come or bring to an end. 2) prevent from happening or from doing something. 3) cease or cause to cease moving or operating. 4) (of a bus or train) call at a designated place to pick up or set down passengers. 5) Brit …   English terms dictionary

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